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About Kerman:  

Kerman Province in a Glance    

This province is one of the largest provinces of Iran and includes an area of 175069 square kilometers; it is said to cover about 11 percent of the country. It is located in the south-eastern part of Iran and enjoys the population of about two million, 53 percent urban  dwellers and 46 percent villagers and 1 percent nomad tribes. According to the 1996 census, the population of the province was estimated to be 2,004,000.  Urbanization rate was recorded in the county of Kerman as the highest in the Province with 79.9%, because  the very city of Kerman  is the most developed and the largest in the province.

The mountainous area of the Province is a part of the central mountains of Iran and  is formed by some old volcanic highlands  starting in Azarbaijan, in the north-west of the country and ending in Balouchestan.  Mountain chains can be found  among which  there are many plains. Bashagard and Koohbanan mountains are the highest in the region, though there are some other  famous peaks such as Toghroljerd, Sirch, Abaareq and Tahrood. There are some  peaks located on the northern part of the province e.g. Medvar, Shahr-e-Babak, Koohpaye, Cheheltan, Lalezaar and Hezarbahraaseman. The climate of the province is varying because of the extreme geographical diversity of the region.  In the north and north-west and central parts of the province, it is dry and moderate, while  in the south and  south-east, it is very hot and relatively humid. In the center of the province, where the city of Kerman is located, it is arid and semi-moderate, and the average temperature is 39.6 C, and the lowest was recorded at -7 C. The temperature average of the province during  spring ( from April to June), has been recorded to be between 20 - 25 C.Therefore, Spring is the best season to travel to this province and to enjoy  its many historical sites and natural spots. Natural attraction of the province of Kerman is due to its varieties. Mineral springs provide beautiful natural vistas, and there are many beautiful places worth to see. Many green spots, unique peaks, natural lakes, eye-catching caves and hot springs and many protected fields alongside the beautiful desert (Kavir-e Lut) sites can be identified as the natural beauties and tourism attractions of the province . A brief glance at the tourism sector of the province suffices to demonstrate the natural and historical tourism potentials of the district. The traditional architecture is excellently adapted with the climate in Kerman .


     The history of the people of this province goes to 4000 BC, which turns the region into a historical site as a whole . During its long history, a valuable collection of historical and cultural heritage has been gathered which constitutes a valuable part of the Persian Civilization and deserves heed . Every historical space in  Kerman today reveals its local government and the structure of the local communities. Mineral springs and hot water sites of Areen, Qalaa Askar Tah-Khatoon, Gherghereh, Abareq, Boujan, Reza-Abad, Pachenar, Beesheh, Ekhtiyaar Abad, Houze-nou, Baghra and Houzeabad. The Countryside of Mahan, Joopar, Raayen, Koohpayeh and many other places are among a lot to mention. Historical and cultural complex of Ganj-Ali Khan including water storage, Public bath and teahouse (cafe). Caravansaries of Chaharsouq (4 bazaars), Wakeel, Mirza Alinaqi, Lahafdoozhan, Haaj Mehdi, Hindoha and Haj-Aqa- Ali. Old schools of Ganj-Ali-Khan, Hayaati and Ibrahim-Khan. Tombs of Shah- Nematollah-e-Vali, Khaajeh- Atabak, Shahzadeh Hussain of Joopar and Peerbaba Musaafer. Bazaars of Arg Square, Vakeel complex, Ganj- Ali- Khan, Mozaffary and Attary. Domes of Jabaliyeh, Sabz and Mushtaqiyeh. Old quarters such as Darvazeh Vakeel, Naseri and Darvazeh Gabri. Shahzadeh Garden in Mahan and its mall. Jame- mosque and 40 columns mosque of Kerman  called Chehelsotoon, Zarrabkhaneh and anthropology Museums are among many that can not be mentioned. Spring in Kerman Province means mountains full of tulips and vast plains. The province is filled with the fragrance of the Damascus rose and orange blossoms. Cherry trees flower in Bardseer and Baft summer resorts and fresh dates are sold in the streets.

    The people of Kerman are active in the fields of industries, mines and agriculture. The province ranks 14th in terms of land under cultivation, but ranks first in the country in fruit production. During 1994 through 1995, 4% of the entire area of the province was used for agricultural purposes. Rugs, blankets, cashmere, shawls, felt carpets and "jaajeem" (coarse, woolen cloth with distinctive patterns) are the province's handicrafts. Kerman's carpets are highly popular throughout the world. The industries of metal, food, machinery and facilities respectively hold the highest industrial output in the province. Pistachio, dried fruit, carpets, gelims( Hand-made rugs), dates, fruit, vegetables, copper and decorative stones (marbles) are the most important exportable goods from the province.

         Kerman is as old as history. It is believed to have been founded as early as the 3rd century by Ardeshir I, the founder of the Sassanid dynasty. Historical documents refer to Kerman as "Karmania," "Kermania" and "Zhermanya," which means bravery and combat. Some researchers believe that Kerman is taken from kaar and maan and all in all it means a place in which carpets are woven. Geographers have recorded Kerman's ancient name as "Go'asheer" . Kerman has had very little peace in its history. From the 7th century, it has been ruled by Arabs, Buyids, the Seljuks, Turkmens and Mongols in turn until the Qajar dynasty, when it was a victim of the barbaric Aaqa Mohammad Khan. Throughout its history, Kerman has been chosen as the capital by different kings, but it was Ganj Ali Khan (1005 to 1034 A.Il) during the Safavid era who brought about the city's prosperity. It was restored to security during the last century. Kerman province has 10 townships, 28 districts, 24 cities and 141 rural districts. Baft, Sirjan, Bardseer, Bam, Jiroft, Rafsanjan, Zarand, Shahr-e-Babak, Kerman and Kahnouj are Kerman's townships. The population of the province was 1,949,234 in 1994 . Almost 99% of the people speak Persian. Religious minorities, among them Zoroastrians , use their own languages; every year on 10th of Bahman they hold Sadehsoozi festival in which the hill-like shrubs gatherd in Baghche-y-e Bodagh Abad are set on fire .

    The most well-known poet in the history of Kerman is Khajoo. Calligraphers are also active in the district and the very city of Kerman.  As far as music is concerned , Kerman Province experiences both traditional and modern modes ; an annual festival on local music of Iran is held regularly in Kerman and private classes ,as well as classes held by the Organization of Islamic Culture ,are the meeting sites of  music fans .A beautiful forest called Ghaem Forest is located in the vicinity of Kerman city. Sirch is a place located in the vicinity of the Loot Kavir but enjoys a green unique vistae.

Source:www.kkhec.ac.ir/about Kerman


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